Key Web Development Fundamentals to Know if You Are a Beginner

Key Web Development Fundamentals to Know if You Are a Beginner
Web Development has become a crucial part of any business. Be it a startup or a leading business: everyone is promoting their business through web site and apps. But to become a  web developer, the first thing to learn is the difference between the WWW (World Wide Web) and the internet. 

Most people understand that the internet and WWW are the same things. But in reality, they are far different. WWW is a collection of information that could be accessed via the internet. On the other hand, the internet is a network of networks of computers that are connected. 

So, if you are a beginner to web development, then here’s everything that you should know about web development fundamentals to make a website successful. 

What Do You Mean by the Web?

The web is a communication between the server and the client when they exchange messages on the internet through HTTP. At first, a web browser sends a request to the web-server. Then, it sends an HTTP response. This message consists of Javascript, XML, and other types of information. 

Web developer specializes in server-side programming or back end. Here are more things that every web developer should know before creating a website

An Overview to Web Development

Web development basic is a major part of web development fundamentals. If you do not know what web development is, you couldn't design a website. It is a field of software engineering that focuses on web pages. 

Web apps or pages are downloaded in web browsers, every time a user navigates to the specific address. Web development could be divided into two categories: front end and back end. 

What Do You Understand by Server Side Development?

Server-side programming is scripting used in web development and involves scripts on a web server. Scripts could be written in different scripting languages available. It is usually used to provide an interface to the user. It also enables the website owners to keep the source code hidden that generates the interface. The request sent includes a URL and the method that defines the action. 

Web servers wait for the messages and then process them according to the action. The response or reply includes a status line indicating if the request is successful or not. The web server replies to the HTTP request with an HTTP response. The way how it responds could be broken into three ways, static content, dynamic content as a web service, and dynamic content as a web application. 

Static Content is intended to use by the end-users. The user could only send a request for a web page, and it couldn’t be altered. Contrary to this, dynamic content changes as per the user input. The server replies to the web application and static content requests with JavaScript intended for use in a web browser. 

How Are Server Side and Client Side Programming Different?

Most people think that client-side programming and server-side programming are the same. But it is not true. The code involved in the client and server sides is significantly different. They run inside different OS environments. They have different purposes. 

The codes involved in the client-side primarily concerns about the behavior and appearance of the web page. It could include navigation, User Interface components, layouts, and more. The server side focuses on the type of content that should be returned to the browser after the request. 

Client-side is written using JavaScript and CSS and has no access to the operating system. Server-side could be written in different languages like C#, Python, and more and has full access to the operating system. Both use frameworks, but the domains are different. Client-side frameworks describe presentation tasks, while server-side frameworks feature web server functionality. 

Challenges That Every Web Developer Faces 

Becoming a web developer is not at all easy. Nowadays, virtual presence is the only thing that people rely on. So, it has become important for a business to make a website that puts your business’s best foot forward. Therefore, web developers find it difficult to keep up with the latest trends. 

Also, remember that if you could make a website, then that doesn’t mean you are a web developer. Being a web developer requires expertise in several skills and also to keep an eye on the latest trend. Creating a website is not a one time job; it needs to be maintained regularly. Below are more challenges that are faced by a web developer while creating a website. 

1. To Maintain User Interface and User Experience

A decade ago, smartphones did not exist. And now, in the era of smartphones, a responsive website has become a mandatory part of any business. Also, if your website is confusing the users, then you couldn’t maintain customer loyalty. 

So, a web developer needs to create a website that is sophisticated and could compete with the top websites on the internet. Maintaining a user interface or the user experience could be difficult for a web developer, but it should be balanced to provide the best services to the end-users. 

2. Choosing the Frameworks

Framework boosts performance and extends capabilities. Therefore, web developers should have a great understanding of frameworks and platforms. and PHP are common examples of frameworks. These frameworks help web developers in boosting the performance of the application. Web platforms provide libraries that are required to develop a website. 

3. Maintain Security

If your website deals with customer information such as their contact information and payment details, then it becomes important for you to develop trust with customers. They would choose the website that prioritizes customer identity rather than a company that has a bad history of leaking anyone’s data. 

Some web developers focus on user experience and forget about web app security. But should be kept at priority during the software development life cycle. Things to consider when it comes to security are database malfunctioning, denial of service attacks, and more. 

4. To Create a Scalable Product

People often get confused when they are said to create a scalable product. Scalable doesn’t mean anything related to bandwidth, but it is about load balancing. Web applications should manage the traffic on your web site. 

So, when multiple end-users visit your website, it should be capable of managing web traffic without crashing. So maintaining scalability becomes a difficult task for web developers. It is recommended not to throw the entire load on a single server, but to design a software that it could work on a group of servers. 

5. Performance Issue

It is believed the website speed plays an important role in making a website successful. When you develop a website or an application, each second matters.  A website or an application that has slow loading speed is not the first choice. 

No matter how beautiful you have designed your website or have put animations in the UI design: if the web page is not opening on time, then it wouldn’t attract the audience. 

Essential Things You Should Understand Before Beginning With Web Development

Most people think that starting with web development is challenging. But this challenge is worth experiencing if you are prepared. Below described are a few tips that you should know for smooth development. 

1. Start With the Basics

Start with the basics of web development. If you are a beginner and do not know the basics of web development, then take the help of guides and experts who know the ins and outs of designing and programming. 

2. Start With CSS, HTML, and JavaScript

Explore and learn as much as you can about these scripting languages. Then build a website by creating a few static pages. After you learn these languages and implement them, learn advanced languages to build a better website. 

3. Do Research and Then Apply 

If you are a beginner, then you would be reading lots of articles and codes. You could start your first project with several open-source projects and free snippets available. You might get inspiration from other works. 

4. Have an Understanding of Web Design

Before creating a website, it is essential to know the basics of good web design. Learn the web design trends to grow your business and know how to think creatively. Creating a web page is not expensive. Several software products could be used for free.

Search on the internet, and you would find tons of free resources available that could be used to learn about web development. Here are a few web design fundamentals that you could implement to maximize customer conversion.

5. Use a Programming Friendly Text Editor

The text editor is the tool where you would be spending most of your time. So, better you choose a programming friendly text editor to start with web development. Use frameworks and text editor, which would best suit your business.

Take Away Thoughts

Website development could be challenging and exciting as well if you are a beginner. So, before you hire a web developer or look for the best website development company, make sure that you know the web development fundamentals and a few tips to make a successful website. 
We at Covetus create highly functional websites to meet your goals and customized requirements. Our web development services offer flexible engagement models and optimum customization.
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